Table 1

Characteristics and short-term outcomes of skiers and snowboarders with isolated tibial plateau fractures by immediate or delayed open reduction internal fixation (n=119)

Immediate
(n=93)
Delayed
(n=26)
p Value
Age, median (range), years49 (19–67)50 (22–70)0.88
Male59 (63.4%)20 (76.9%)0.20
White*75 (96.2%)22 (100%)>0.99
Smoker3 (3.2%)1 (3.9%)>0.99
No comorbidities77 (82.8%)20 (76.9%)0.57
ISS=489 (95.7%)23 (88.5%)0.18
Open fracture1 (1.1%)1 (3.9%)0.39
Hospital arrival ≤180 min after injury†48 (53.3%)10 (40.0%)0.24
Schatzker classification‡0.16
 I2 (2.2%)2 (7.1%)
 II52 (55.9%)12 (42.9%)
 III3 (3.2%)2 (7.1%)
 IV3 (3.2%)4 (14.3%)
 V4 (4.3%)1 (3.6%)
 VI29 (31.2%)7 (25.0%)
Schatzker classification‡0.83
 Low energy (I–III)57 (61.3%)16 (57.1%)
 High energy (IV–VI)36 (38.7%)12 (42.9%)
AO/OTA classification‡0.40
 B12 (2.2%)2 (7.1%)
 B23 (3.2%)2 (7.1%)
 B355 (59.1%)16 (57.1%)
 C19 (9.7%)1 (3.6%)
 C25 (5.4%)0 (0%)
 C319 (20.4%)7 (25.0%)
Time to ORIF, median (range), hours6.3 (4.0–23.7)45.9 (24.3–461.3)<0.001
One trip to the operating room89 (95.7%)14 (53.9%)<0.001
Compartment syndrome3 (3.2%)7 (26.9%)<0.001
Fasciotomy§6 (6.5%)8 (30.8%)0.002
In-hospital infection0 (0%)0 (0%)
In-hospital mortality0 (0%)0 (0%)
Discharged home93 (100%)24 (92.3%)0.046
LOS, median (range)3 (1–10)6.5 (1–34)<0.001
  • *Missing race for 19 patients.

  • †Missing hospital arrival time for four patients.

  • ‡Two people had bilateral fractures (n=121).

  • §One person had more than one fasciotomy.

  • Data presented are n (%), unless otherwise specified; significant p values (p<0.05) are displayed in bold.

  • ISS, Injury Severity Score; LOS, length of stay; ORIF, open reduction internal fixation.