Table 4

Use of VV versus VA extracorporeal membranous oxygenation other than for acute respiratory distress syndrome

VV ECMO onlyVA ECMO onlyInitiate VV and transition to VA as neededDon’t knowWould not use ECMO
Condition for ECMO
Hypoxia from pulmonary embolus19.2%7.9%37.9%26.6%8.5%
Right heart failure from pulmonary embolus9.7%29.1%25.1%28.0%8.0%
Right heart failure from traumatic pneumonectomy11.0%24.9%26.6%30.6%6.9%
Hypoxia from pulmonary contusion37.6%2.3%29.5%24.3%6.4%
Supportive ‘bridge’ after cardiac arrest from hypoxia/right heart failure6.5%22.6%22.0%33.3%15.5%
  • ECMO, extracorporeal membranous oxygenation; VA, venoarterial; VV, venovenous.