Table 2

Individual and neighborhood characteristics associated with police transport in patients with penetrating injury, Philadelphia, 2006–2015

OR95% CI
Patient characteristic
Driving time in minutes, home zip code to nearest trauma center0.990.96 to 1.02
 Public place3.45**2.88 to 4.13
 Black1.50**1.2 to 1.88
 Hispanic1.38*1.05 to 1.82
 Asian1.350.81 to 2.26
 Other1.73**1.28 to 2.35
 Female1.030.85 to 1.26
Mechanism of injury
 Firearm1.58**1.19 to 2.10
Year1.18**1.16 to 1.20
Time of injury
 Late night (22:00–04:00)1.48**1.30 to 1.69
Age1.000.99 to 1.00
Low GSC on arrival1.18*1.02 to 1.37
Hypotensive on arrival1.16*1.01 to 1.33
Injury Severity Score1.001.00 to 1.01
Neighborhood characteristics
Fire stations (n)1.32**1.20 to 1.44
Aggravated assault rate0.740.54 to 1.01
Narcotic arrest rate1.110.85 to 1.45
Percent of Black population1.18**1.05 to 1.32
Percent of vacant housing units1.40**1.20 to 1.64
Percent of population living at or below poverty0.960.77 to 1.20
  • *P<0.05; **p<0.01.

  • GCS, Glasgow Coma Scale.