Table 3

Sedative and analgesic medication as risk factor of delirium in univariate analysis

VariablesN=87Delirium (n=19)OR (95% CI)P value
Sedative medications
Midazolam
 Yes2711 (40.7%)4.46 (1.53 to 13.02)0.004*
 No608 (13.3%)
Propofol
 Yes3613 (36.1%)4.24 (1.42 to 12.60)0.007*
 No516 (11.8%)Ref
Analgesic medications
Tramadol0.199
 Yes294 (13.8%)0.46 (0.14 to 1.53)
 No5815 (25.9$)Ref
Nalbuphine
 Yes185 (27.8%)1.51 (0.46 to 4.95)0.493
 No8914 (20.3%)
Pethedine
 Yes65 (83.3%)23.93 (2.59 to 220.96)
 No8114 (17.3%)
Morphine0.502
 Yes81 (12.5%)0.48 (0.05 to 4.19)
 No7918 (22.8%)Ref
Fentanyl0.105
 Yes207 (35%)2.46 (0.81 to 7.49)
 No6712 (17.9%)Ref
Steroid
 Yes144 (28.6%)1.55 (0.42 to 5.63)0.506
 No7315 (20.5%)Ref