Table 4

Outcomes in patients with TBI and patients without TBI

Total (N=163)TBI (n=41)Non-TBI (n=122)OR or mean difference (95% CI)P value
VTE outcomes
VTE, n (%)20 (12.3)9 (22.0)11 (9.0)2.8 (1.1 to 7.5)0.03
 Proximal DVT14 (8.6)7 (17.1)7 (5.7)3.4 (1.1 to 10.3)<0.05
 Distal DVT16 (9.8)7 (17.1)9 (7.4)2.6 (0.9 to 7.5)0.12
 PE0000>0.99
Days to first VTE diagnosis (from admission), median d15 (8.5–18)16 (13.5–20)7 (4–17)5.2 (−0.4 to 10.9)0.09
Blood transfusions
 Required blood while on enoxaparin, n (%)20 (12.3)4 (9.8)16 (13.1)0.7 (0.2 to 2.3)0.57
Overall outcomes
 ICU LOS, median d4 (1–12)14 (4–20.5)3 (1–7)8.8 (5.2 to 12.5)<0.01
 Hospital LOS, median d14 (7–23)21 (14–34)12 (6–20)12.3 (4.0 to 20.5)<0.01
 Mortality, n (%)5 (3.1)2 (4.9)3 (2.5)2.0 (0.3 to 12.6)0.60
  • DVT, deep vein thrombosis; ICU, intensive care unit; LOS, length of stay; PE, pulmonary embolism; TBI, traumatic brain injury; VTE, venous thromboembolism.