Table 2

Comparison of operative interventions

No. (%)P value
Total (N=163)TBI (n=41)Non-TBI (n=122)
Operative interventions,* n (%)
Patients requiring operative intervention103 (61.7)36 (87.8)67 (54.9)<0.01
 Cardiothoracic operation1 (0.6)1 (2.4)00.25
 Craniectomy/craniotomy7 (17.1)
 Exploratory laparotomy22 (13.5)3 (7.3)19 (15.6)0.28
 Oral and maxillofacial operation18 (11.0)8 (19.5)10 (8.2)0.08
 Other othopedic operation58 (35.6)19 (46.3)39 (32.0)0.14
 Percutaneous gastrostomy tube placement30 (18.4)20 (48.8)10 (8.2)<0.01
 Spinal operation12 (7.4)2 (4.9)10 (8.2)0.72
 Tracheostomy30 (18.4)17 (41.5)13 (10.7)<0.01
 Vascular repair4 (2.5)04 (3.3)0.57
  • *More than one injury type, TBI, and operative intervention were possible for each patient.

  • TBI, traumatic brain injury.