Table 3

Descriptive analysis for demographics and outcomes in patients with traumatic rib fractures based on alcohol use disorder diagnosis

Alcohol use disorder (n=204)No alcohol use disorder
(n=1676)
P value
Age*
 18–4564 (31.4)675 (40.9)0.028
 46–6490 (44.1)604 (36.5)
 65+50 (24.5)373 (22.6)
 Mean53±1650 (18)0.005
Sex
 Male164 (80.4)1124 (67.1)<0.001
Race*
 White160 (78.4)1301 (77.8)0.059
 Black or African American41 (20.1)289 (17.3)
 Others3 (1.5)83 (4.9)
Smoker115 (56.4)578 (34.5)<0.001
Alcohol use disorder
Number of ribs fractured
 Single35 (17.2)192 (11.5)0.002
 Multiple78 (38.2)873 (52.1)
 Flail3 (1.5)15 (0.9)
 Unspecified88 (43.1)596 (35.5)
AIS thorax body region3 (2–3)3 (2–3)0.044
ISS17 (13–24)17 (12–26)0.450
Hospital days7 (3–13)5 (2–11)<0.001
ICU days3 (0–8)0 (0–4)<0.001
Ventilator days0 (0–3)0 (0–2)0.013
Pneumonia or VAP40 (19.6)198 (11.8)0.002
ARDS5 (2.4)71 (4.2)0.222
Pneumothorax26 (12.7)373 (22.3)0.002
Mortality8 (3.9)64 (3.8)0.942
  • Results are presented as n (%), mean±SD, or median (IQR), as appropriate.

  • *Missing data are not included in the summary.

  • AIS, Abbreviated Injury Scale; ARDS, adult respiratory distress syndrome; ICU, intensive care unit; ISS, Injury Severity Score; VAP, ventilator-associated pneumonia.