Table 2

Multivariable logistic regression for the risk of pulmonary complications and mortality based on smoking status in patients with traumatic rib fractures

OR95% CIP value
Smokers*
 Pneumonia or VAP0.900.67 to 1.210.473
 ARDS1.380.86 to 2.210.180
 Pneumothorax1.120.88 to 1.410.350
 Mortality0.480.27 to 0.870.014
  • *Adjusted for age (as continuous variable), sex, race, and alcohol use disorder.

  • ARDS, adult respiratory distress syndrome; VAP, ventilator-associated pneumonia.