Table 3

Univariate analysis comparing patient variables and complication rates

DemographicsNo complicationComplicationP value
n=339n=59
Sex (female), n (%)212 (63)34 (58)0.47
Age, median (IQR)76 (63–85)82 (72–89)0.003
Race (Caucasian), n (%)322 (95)53 (90)0.39
ISS, median (IQR)9 (9–10)9 (9–10)0.83
Rural, n (%)272 (81)51 (86)0.28
Alcohol involved in trauma, n (%)27 (8)4 (7)0.75
Elixhauser score, median (IQR)
Elixhauser Score >2 n (%)
 0 (0-2)
41 (16)
2 (0-4)
24 (41)
< 0.001
< 0.001
Total transfer time, hours, median (IQR)4.5 (3.7–5.9)4.7 (3.8–5.7)0.8
Time at initial hospital, median (IQR)2.9 (2.2–4.1)3.2 (2.4–4.3)0.38
Time to fracture repair, median (IQR)16.6 (10.8–23.1)22.3 (16.0–36.6)0.03
Hospital LOS, days, median (IQR)4 (3–6)7 (6–10)<0.0001
ICU admission, n (%)8 (2)17 (29)<0.0001
ICU LOS, days, median (IQR)3.5 (2.25–7.25)2 (1–4.5)0.34
Discharge disposition, n (%)<0.0001
 Home105 (31)8 (14)
 Nursing home202 (60)39 (66)
 Acute rehabilitation30 (9)4 (7)
In-hospital mortality, n (%)1 (0.3)6 (10)<0.0001
30-day hospital mortality, n (%)12 (4)10 (17)<0.0001
  • Older age, longer time to fracture repair, and longer hospital stays were all associated with complications. Patients with complications were more likely to need intensive care, had higher mortality rates, and were less likely to be discharged home.

  • ICU, intensive care unit; ISS, Injury Severity Score; LOS, length of stay; n, number of patients.