Table 1

Examples of palliative care gap analysis*

Palliative care guidelineMetPartially metUnmetStatusComments
Screen/identify early at-risk ED patients.
Communicate difficult news after sudden traumatic death.
Early goals of care conversations.
Obtain advance directives and Medical Orders for Life-Sustaining Treatment (MOLST)/Physician Orders for Life-Sustaining Treatment (POLST) forms.
Family presence in resuscitation.
Assess all seriously ill patients for palliative care needs.
Palliative care is delivered in conjunction with curative, life-prolonging or disease-modifying trauma care.
Palliative care is delivered by an interdisciplinary team.
Pain and symptom management, communication, and prognostication are provided.
Patients and families receive education about their condition, its impact on prognosis, and healthcare trajectory.
A predictive or prognostic tool is used for estimating survival time and tracking palliative care needs.
Identification of the surrogate or proxy decision maker is documented on patient’s medical record within 24 hours of admission.
The advance care plan is discussed and developed with patient/family within 72 hours.
Family meetings are used early to discuss outcomes, expectations and goals of care.
Psychosocial/emotional support is assessed and a plan is created.