Table 2

Emergency department vital signs, laboratory values and resuscitation

DCL
(n=18)
DEF
(n=21)
Arrival vital signs
 Temperature, °F97.8 (97.5, 98.4)97.8 (97.2, 98.1)
 Systolic blood pressure, mm Hg95 (82, 110)80 (69, 99)
 Pulse, bpm115 (85, 124)114 (92, 135)
 Glasgow Coma Scale9 (3, 15)9 (3, 15)
Arrival laboratory values
 Lactic acid3.9 (2.7, 6.14)4.8 (3.1, 6.6)
 Base excess−6 (−9 to –5)−5 (−9 to –4)
 Hematocrit38.6 (38.3, 40.2)38.1 (33.6, 41.6)
 Platelet level240 (215, 263)220 (183, 245)
 Activated clotting time105 (105, 121)113 (105, 121)
 Alpha angle73 (73, 75)73 (67, 76)
 Maximum amplitude64 (59, 65)64 (57, 66)
 Per cent lysis at 30 min1.2 (0.3, 2.6)0.9 (0.0, 2.4)
Resuscitation
 Red blood cells, units1 (0, 2)1 (1, 2)
 Fresh frozen plasma, units1 (0, 2)2 (1, 2)
Other
 Positive FAST10 (56%)12 (57%)
 CT6 (33%)5 (24%)
 Time, min24 (12, 37)23 (12, 39)
  • Continuous data presented as: median (IQR); categorical data presented as: number (%).

  • DCL, damage control laparotomy; DEF, definitive laparotomy; F, Fahrenheit; FAST, focused abdominal sonography for trauma.