Table 1

Simple and stable injuries, criteria, and immobilization

InjuryPediatric/adultCriteriaImmobilization after DD
Pediatric clavicle FxPediatric
  • Age ≤14.

  • No indication for surgical treatment.

Radial head/neck FxAdult
  • Head: Mason type 1, neck: undisplaced.

  • Positive fatpad sign.

Pressure bandage, sling
Greenstick or torus/buckle-type Fx of the distal radiusPediatric
  • Acceptable angulation-based residual growth.

  • Torus/buckle type: isolated ulna Fx, isolated radius Fx or both.

  • Greenstick type: isolated ulna Fx or isolated radius Fx.

Removable wrist brace
Fifth metacarpal neck FxAdult
  • Volar angulation <70°.

  • No rotational deviation.

Buddy strap and pressure bandage
Mallet fingerAdult
  • Either bony or tendinous.

  • Treated conservatively.

Mallet splint
Weber A-type ankle FxAdult
  • Dislocation <2 mm.

  • No signs of stage 2 supination-adduction-type injury.

Tubigrip and ankle brace
Avulsion-type ankle FxAdult
  • Either lateral or medial malleolus or tarsal bones.

Tubigrip and ankle brace
Fx of fifth metatarsal baseAdult
  • Fx located in either zone 1 or zone 2.

  • Dislocation ≤4 mm.

Walker boot
Fx of greater toeBoth
  • Either proximal or distal phalanx Fx.

  • Undisplaced.

Spica pressure bandage and bandage shoe
Fx of lesser toeBoth
  • Any isolated Fx.

  • No indication for surgical treatment.

Buddy strap
Bicycle spoke injuryPediatric
  • No Fx based on radiograph.

  • Superficial wound.

Pressure bandage
  • DD, direct discharge; Fx, fracture.