Table 3

PICO 1 GRADE evidence table

Certainty assessmentCertainty
Number of studiesStudy designRisk of biasInconsistencyIndirectnessImprecision
Increased identification of IPV victims—critical outcome
7ObservationalSerious*Not seriousNot seriousSerious†Embedded ImageLow
Identification of IPV victims earlier than if there was no screening—critical outcome
  • *Most data from single centers.

  • †Relatively small sample size.

  • GRADE, Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluations; IPV, intimate partner violence; PICO, population, intervention, control, and outcomes.